2019-Novel Coronavirus is the sudden cause for the outbreak of a respiratory disease first detected on 31st December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Initially, this virus did not match any other virus and this raised concern because when a virus is new, we do not know how it affects people.
One week late, on 7th January Chinese authorities confirmed that they found this to be a coronavirus This virus is closely related to MERS and SARS which are zoophytic or are transmitted between animals and people. This new virus was temporarily named “2019-nCoV”. The initial cases of novel coronavirus were detected linked to a seafood and meat market in Wuhan or was suspected to have originated from snakes but some of the major leading officials disagree with this.
According to the WHO, the whole world must be ready to deal with Coronavirus. This is because the number of cases passes 7000 up to date (30.01.2020). There are 7,502 confirmed cases of viral pneumonia caused by the virus and 170 deaths, all of them in China. 68 cases have been confirmed outside China, in 15 countries. It is believed that it has been spread by humans to human transmission in three countries Germany, Japan, and Vietnam. So confirmed coronavirus cases have been risen to more than 6000 in one week, fewer than 2% are outside mainland China. So the whole world should be on alert now.
WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS?
Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s as a type of virus that causes diseases to humans and animals. In a human, it causes a respiratory infection which causes infection in your nose, sinuses or upper throat. This is a rarer form as SARS AND MERS which can also be lethal. There is no approved vaccine or a treatment for prevention.
Coronavirus is an enveloped virus with a single-stranded RNA genome and a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. It is one of the largest RNA viruses.
These viruses are believed to cause a significant percentage of common colds in human adults and children with some of the major symptoms such as fever, swollen throat adenoids. It causes pneumonia, either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia which can cause bronchitis.
Seven strains of bacteria may infect humans and the seventh one is the one concerned at the moment, the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV).
- IP 2-14 days
- Survival depends on different environmental factors
Spreaders – suspected transmission mode of novel coronavirus – mainly direct contact and suspected droplet transmission.
Portal of the entry (recipient)– Respiratory
The main mode of transmission – Contact
Coronaviruses are common in many animals. They can rarely infect humans and then spread between people.
Person to person spread has happened mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It may also transmit by touching an infected person’s hand or face or by touching things such as doorknobs that were touched by an infected person.
For the novel coronavirus, reported patients have been ranged from being mildly sick to severely ill and dying. Some of the observed symptoms include,
- Dry Cough
- Stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath
- CDC believes that the symptoms may appear after 2 – 14 days after the exposure.
Currently, there is no cure or a vaccine for the infection. So the best way to prevent the infection is to avoid being exposed to the virus. So the CDC recommends the usual preventive actions to help prevent the spread of a respiratory virus as listed below.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
- Wash hands with soap and water for 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
- Avoid touching mouth, nose or eyes with unwashed hands
- Cover with a tissue when you sneeze or cough and throw the tissue in the trash after use
- Stay home when you are sick
- Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently used
There is no specific treatment as most people often recover on their own. Still, you can do some things to relieve your symptoms such as,
- Take pain and fever medication
- Take a hot shower and drink hot water to help ease of sore throat and cough
- If you are sick, drink plenty of liquids, stay home and rest
If you are more concerned about your symptoms visit a healthcare provider. Patients are given supportive care for the symptoms with fluids and pain relievers. Severely ill may need support with breathing.